Chemical derivatives of fluorine compounds have consistently revolved around research and developmental procedures for their ample usage in various industries. The wide variety of fluorine related compounds entail polymeric substances, fluoro carbons and elastomeric compounds. New technological advancements have brought these chemical compounds into the fields that require the construction of circuit boards and various display devices. As these chemicals ponderously patronize the usage of advanced technology and renewable energy, they have gained significant economical importance in the recent years.
Production and categories:
United States is the largest producers of these chemicals and shell out a great deal of share in the annual rate of industrial growth in the country. Fluorocarbons are the mostly produced chemicals, essentially due to their wide usage. The categories of fluorocarbons include fluoroalkynes, perfluoroalkanes, perfluoroaromatic compounds and fluoroalkenes. Amongst these categories, perfluoroalkanes possess various applications incorporated in various fields.
Strength and stability:
The carbon-fluorine bonds observed in perfluoroalkanes are the intrinsic vindications for the stability and strength of these compounds. The multiple carbon-fluorine bonds enhance the strength quotient of skeletal carbon-carbon bonds through inductive effect and also the neighboring carbon-fluorine bonds; thus, accounting for the huge strength factor of these compounds. However, they are capable of being reduced by very specialized organometallic complexes and Birch reductants.
Fluorocarbons are generally non-polar and are pondered hydrophobic due to the presence of weak intermolecular forces. Consequently, these compounds have low surface energies, low viscosities and higher dielectric strengths. Lower molecular forces also patronize in the dissolving of other gaseous molecules and enhance the capability of being compressed. All categories of fluoroalkanes are in liquefied forms with the exception of a few. The noticeable amongst such non-liquefied forms is perfluorocyclohexane.
Numerous studies were conducted in drawing conclusions for the flammability of the fluorocarbon compounds. The results were in favor for application as most of the fluorocarbons are not flammable in the presence of air at any sort of proportion. Consequently, Chloro Fluoro Carbons have been replaced with perfluoro carbons as fire extinguishers. There have also been exhorting claims supporting the usage of these compounds in space stations as well for the determent of fire related events.
The diverse ranges of applications for perfluoroalkanes include cosmetics, liquid dielectric, fluorous biphasic catalysis, and chemical vapor deposition whilst other primal applications include liquid dielectric and organic Rankine cycle. They find significant importance in medicinal applications as well. This primarily involves eye related surgical procedures, liquid breathing, contrast-enhanced ultrasound, blood substitute and tattoo removal procedures. Fluoroalkenes like tetrafluoroethylene is used in the production of Teflon. Fluoride compounds implicating sodium compound of fluorosilicates has been applied in laundries for the treatment of effluents. Gaseous forms of fluorochemicals are essential refrigerants. Hydrofluoroolefins are currently of high scope for their capability to drastically reduce the high Global Warming Potential (HFC). Elimination of environmental perturbation is an essential concern observed among environmental agencies.